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Oral sex and HIV preventive tips

 Oral sex and HIV preventive tips

 The likelihood of transmitting HIV infection through oral sex is very low. However, you can take some precautions, such as using a condom during sexual intercourse.

HIV spreads through body fluids. The virus spreads directly from person to person through contact with body fluids contaminated with the virus or by injection.

In this article, we will discuss ways of transmitting HIV through oral sex and provide some preventive advice.

The risks of contracting HIV through oral sex range from zero to very low. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

However, if an HIV-infected partner releases semen and empties into the other's mouth, infection may occur. This method of infection is possible only if the excreted fluid contains a measurable viral load. The term "viral load" refers to the amount of virus present in the blood.

Antiretrovirals reduce the number of virus-infected cells in the body, which ultimately leads to a drastic reduction in viral loads and to become unmeasurable. In this case, it is impossible for the virus to be transmitted from the infected person to the partner during oral sex.

In addition, if the fluid carrying the virus comes into contact with the blood of the other party through a wound or infection in the mouth, AIDS can be spread through oral sex.

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Ways of spreading HIV / AIDS 

  • Saliva
  • Air
  • water
  • Sweat
  • Tears
  • A closed mouth kissing
  • Insects
  • Pets
  • Sharing a toilet
  • Share food and water

The virus is transmitted through contact with:

  • the blood
  • Semen
  • Fluids that precede ejection of semen
  • Rectal fluids
  • Vaginal fluids
  • Breast milk

These fluids may enter the blood by damaging tissues and mucous membranes or by sharing syringes and needles for injection.

Certain parts of the human body include mucous membranes through which viruses can enter the bloodstream, which are :

  • Rectal
  • vagina
  • Penis
  • the mouth

HIV can enter the bloodstream through mouth sores, wounds in and around the mouth, or bleeding gums when kissing with an open mouth. If human gums are not sore, sore, or bleeding, kissing is safe.

Anal sex is the most common method of infection.

During oral sex, if a partner's viral load is high and measurable, and then injected into his sexual partner's mouth by ejaculation, the partner's HIV infection may be very high.

This is why penis licking (i.e., penis oral sex) is the most likely form of oral sex to spread HIV infection. If your partner's gums bleed or have mouth sores or wounds, the risk of infection is higher.

However, this virus is unlikely to be spread by oral sex rather than vaginal or anal sex The infection is high.

HIV can be transmitted via vaginal fluid during vulvar licking or oral-vaginal sex. In addition, if the oral sex partner has bleeding gums or cuts and ulcers in the mouth, the risk of infection will also increase.

When is the risk of infection high ?

In the early stages of infection, the risk of contracting HIV is high.

Among the factors that increase the risk of infection:

  • Mouth sores or wounds
  • Sores in or around the vagina or penis
  • Bleeding gums or gum disease.
  • Menstrual bleeding
  • The presence of any other sexually transmitted infection in one of the partners
  • The presence of pharyngeal infection
  • There is tissue damage in the tissues of the mouth or pharynx.

In addition to the decreased likelihood of transmission of HIV through oral sex, some preventive measures can be taken to further reduce this risk.

For example, people with HIV avoid ejaculation in the mouth of their sexual partners. They can do this by using a condom or removing the penis from the mouth before ejaculation.

A diaphragm can also be used during sexual intercourse, and a diaphragm is a small silicone or latex membrane that is placed over the vagina, anus, or mouth.

Brushing or flossing can damage the gums, so it is helpful to avoid brushing your teeth before having sex.

People who are not infected with HIV can take other preventive measures for them, including:

  • Take some preventative medication before engaging in sexual activity.
  • Please use a condom or barrier diaphragms during all sexual activities.
  • Avoid using oil-based lubricants such as Vaseline or baby oil.
  • Take preventive medication for several days after having sex.
  • Get regular sexual health checks.

People living with HIV should take antivirals as directed by their doctor.

In the early stages of HIV infection, people may experience the following:

  • Fever
  • shudder
  • Night sweats
  • Asthenia
  • Non-itchy rash
  • Muscle pain
  • Pharyngitis
  • Swollen glands or lymph nodes
  • Mouth ulcers.

These symptoms may last from a few days to a few weeks.

It is important to note that in the early stages of being infected with HIV, some people do not develop any symptoms.

If a person suspects they have HIV within the past 72 hours, they should be tested for the virus immediately. The test can be obtained from a doctor, public health center, or hospital.

The doctor may prescribe some preventive medications to prevent exposure to the virus, which can prevent infection. Although these drugs are not 100% effective, taking them can reduce the risk of developing disease.

A person may have to take these medications once or twice per day for 28 consecutive days.

The HIV test is as follows:

  • Viral DNA screening test: This test involves checking a patient's blood sample for the presence of the virus 10 to 33 days after infection.
  • Viral antigen and antigen agglutination test: This test can detect the presence of the virus in blood samples 18 to 45 days after infection.
  • Antibody test: This test can detect the presence of the virus in blood samples taken from the fingers 23 to 90 days after infection.

Ultimately, the risk of contracting HIV through oral sex is still low, but vaginal secretions or extracts that enter the mouth increase the risk.

When using condoms or other barriers, the risk of developing an oral sex infection is reduced.

Anyone suspected of having HIV should be tested quickly.

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